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First aid for acute food poisoning

Food poisoning can occur when food is invested poor animal products / meat, fish, sausages, canned meat and fish, milk and milk products /.

Food poisoning resulting from the impact of micro-organisms and products of their metabolism / toxins / on the human body.

Food infected with improper storage and irregularities in processing. Especially dangerous are minced meat and fish products.

Food poisoning appear suddenly as malaise, weight, vomiting, cramping abdominal pain, loose stools, sometimes mixed with mucus and blood. The onset of the disease is often associated with poor acceptance of food.

Weak poisoning, accompanied by sporadic vomiting or diarrhea that do not last more than 24 hours can usually be overcome at home with the help of some timely measures taken:

  • Do not eat solid and hard to digest food, and drink plenty of fluids;
  • Small, frequent sips of clear fluids, preferably water, enabling the body does not dehydrate.
  • Avoid drinks that contain alcohol, caffeine or sugar;

In pharmacies offer medications without a prescription that help rehydrate the body. However, it is advisable to consult your doctor or pharmacist.

In case of food toksikoinfektsiya when poisoning is more serious, fast growing signs of intoxication – and accelerating weakening pulse, low blood pressure, paleness of the skin, increased thirst, increase the temperature to 38-40C.

In these cases as quickly as possible to assist due to the rapid development of acute cardiovascular weakness and danger of death. It is very important at the first symptoms appear 2-4 hours after ingestion of contaminated food to begin helping. On rare occasions the disease can occur after 18-24 hours or later.

The first help we can give

1. First of all you need to call a doctor and proceed to gastric lavage with warm water. In order to remove food residue from the stomach lavage should continue to “clean water”. The victim repeatedly should be given plenty / 1.5-2 liters / liquids with subsequent vomiting as a finger tease the root of the tongue. Abundant drinking fluids is necessary and in case of spontaneous vomiting;
2. After gastric lavage victim is placed on the bed, turns well and warm / warmer leg /. He gives his not very strong tea or coffee;
3. vomit and feces are stored until the arrival of the doctor who looks around them, and then if possible, they should be disinfected by mixing with chlorine.


Botulism is a serious illness that relates to food toksikoinfektsii. It occurs by eating food contaminated with bacteria that produce life-threatening toxins. Often these products are canned fish, meat, sausages, not subjected to sufficient heat treatment. The disease manifests after 12-24 hours / sometimes later / with headaches, dizziness and general weakness. Characteristically bloating, lack of diarrhea, urinary retention. The particular danger of this disease lies in the fact that affects the central nervous system / swallowing disorders split eye and myopia, sagging upper eyelids, hoarseness /. Further, the patient’s condition deteriorates progressively.

First support is virtually the same as other food toksikoinfektsii. The sick urgently transported to hospital.

Poisoning poisonous or edible, but rotten mushrooms are quite common. The signs of poisoning occur about 1 to 3 hours after eating. Appear weight, general weakness, profuse salivation, followed by painful vomiting, severe cramping abdominal pain, bloody diarrhea, headache, dizziness. In more severe poisonings occur and symptoms of injury to the central nervous system – visual disturbances, hallucinations, seizures.

In the next stages of poisoning develops motor excitation which after 610 hours passed in drowsiness and lethargy. Body or below is reduced below normal, sclera of the eyes and skin turn yellow. If you do not have timely assistance too quickly develops a state of collapse and death occurs. Properly and quickly rendered first aid can be crucial for the fate of the patient. When lavage is recommended to use a slightly pink solution of potassium hipermanganat. Take quickly transporting the patient to a medical facility.

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